An intoxicating drink named for Sam Boundy discovered by wise and venerable bath lacrosse members of old. Not by the hockey team or any of the other numpty teams that claimed to have invented.  It tastes sweet but kicks you in the head in the morning.
Student: “can i have a boundy please barmaid”
Barmaid: “whats that”
Student: “well it used to be half a pint of frosty jacks topped up with a bottle of orange WKD but seeing as you no longer sell this fine cider I will have a boundy light, simply replace frosty jacks with blackthorn”
Barmaid: “you guys are wankers”

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The brain is the best mounting machine

C’était un rendez-vous (Claude Lelouch, 1976). Real life speed driving through Paris. Single take, no edits.

“We are all filmmakers, our eyes are the best camera in the world, our ears are the best microphones and our brain is the best mounting machine” Claude Lelouch.

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The Information… A User’s Manual

In a democracy, people have the freedom to decide and implement its decision, in the opinion and desire to self-interest or group. Using their fundamental right to freedom of opinion and expression and access to information from the media, completely truthful and contrasted with reality, that lets you create a state of critical opinion about today. Similarly, education in a democratic society has a duty to ensure learning for people to arrive at the full development of their lives as citizens, offering them the intellectual tools needed to acquire the knowledge, values, customs and ways of acting in the process of emancipation. These elements are fundamental in the structure of culture, where there is any society, in terms of a foundation established in the socio-political system in which they live.

The difficult task of mediation between reality and the viewer encounters the factor of the audience as a barometer to harass of market the mass media. At the time the world realized that the information is big business, this was separated from the culture, observing life from the air for anyone with money can get it, disseminate it and make more money. And if not there life, there is always speculation, that whatever happens, the television, do better or worse, is the first source of information for most citizens, who attend the spectacle of the great circus of the mass media. Also includes internet, cinema, radio, print advertisements and even in the urban landscape.

While the journalistic information, as organized data set is part of a fact, always its under doubt the question of speculation. In this context there is another type of information, over the information. The network of networks has been commissioned to transform, manipulate, and make Noam Chomsky as the author of the list of the 10 Strategies of Manipulation of mass media, where is the text “Silent Weapons for Quiet Wars.” While according with some of the theories of linguist Noam Chomsky’s thought, he is not the author. The list in question was compiled by Sylvain Timsit, who said and comments in an interview with Radio Ici Maintenance on July 13, 2005.

Ten Strategies of Manipulation by Sylvain Timsit

1. The strategy of distraction. The primary element of social control is the strategy of distraction which is to divert public attention from important issues and changes determined by the political and economic elites, by the technique of flood or flooding continuous distractions and insignificant information.

Distraction strategy is also essential to prevent the public interest in the essential knowledge in the area of the science, economics, psychology, neurobiology and cybernetics.

“Maintaining public attention diverted away from the real social problems, captivated by matters of no real importance. Keep the public busy, busy, busy, no time to think, back to farm and other animals” (quote from text Silent Weapons for Quiet Wars).

2. Create problems, then offer solutions. This method is also called “problem -reaction- solution.”

It creates a problem, a “situation” referred to cause some reaction in the audience, so this is the principal of the steps that you want to accept.

For example: let it unfold and intensify urban violence, or arrange for bloody attacks in order that the public is the applicant’s security laws and policies to the detriment of freedom.

Or create an economic crisis to accept as a necessary evil retreat of social rights and the dismantling of public services.

3. The gradual strategy. Acceptance to an unacceptable degree, just apply it gradually, dropper, for consecutive years.

That is how they radically new socioeconomic conditions (neoliberalism) were imposed during the 1980s and 1990s: the minimal state, privatization, precariousness, flexibility, massive unemployment, wages, do not guarantee a decent income, so many changes that have brought about a revolution if they had been applied once.

4. The strategy of deferring. Another way to accept an unpopular decision is to present it as “painful and necessary”, gaining public acceptance, at the time for future application.

It is easier to accept that a future sacrifice of immediate slaughter.

• First, because the effort is not used immediately

• Then, because the public, masses, is always the tendency to expect naively that “everything will be better tomorrow” and that the sacrifice required may be avoided

This gives the public more time to get used to the idea of change and accept it with resignation when the time comes.

5. Go to the public as a little child. Most of the advertising to the general public uses speech, argument, people and particularly children’s intonation, often close to the weakness, as if the viewer were a little child or a mentally deficient.

The harder one tries to deceive the viewer look, the more it tends to adopt a tone infantilizing.


“If one goes to a person as if she had the age of 12 years or less, then, because of suggestion, she tends with a certain probability that a response or reaction also devoid of a critical sense as a person 12 years or younger.” (see Silent Weapons for Quiet Wars)

6. Use the emotional side more than the reflection. Making use of the emotional aspect is a classic technique for causing a short circuit on rational analysis, and finally to the critical sense of the individual.

Furthermore, the use of emotional register to open the door to the unconscious for implantation or grafting ideas , desires, fears and anxieties , compulsions, or induce behaviors …

7. Keep the public in ignorance and mediocrity. Making the public incapable of understanding the technologies and methods used to control and enslavement.

“The quality of education given to the lower social classes must be the poor and mediocre as possible so that the gap of ignorance it plans among the lower classes and upper classes is and remains impossible to attain for the lower classes.” (See Silent Weapons for Quiet Wars).

8. To encourage the public to be complacent with mediocrity. Promote the public to believe that the fact is fashionable to be stupid, vulgar and uneducated…

9. Self-blame Strengthen. To let individual blame for their misfortune, because of the failure of their intelligence, their abilities, or their efforts.

So, instead of rebelling against the economic system, the individual auto-devaluate and guilt himself, which creates a depression, one of whose effects is to inhibit its action.

And, without action, there is no revolution!

10. Getting to know the individuals better than they know themselves. Over the past 50 years, advances of accelerated science has generated a growing gap between public knowledge and those owned and operated by dominant elites.

Thanks to biology, neurobiology and applied psychology, the “system” has enjoyed a sophisticated understanding of human beings, both physically and psychologically.

The system has gotten better acquainted with the common man more than he knows himself.

This means that, in most cases, the system exerts greater control and great power over individuals, greater than that of individuals about themselves.

Silent Weapons for Quiet Wars was published as an appendix to the book “Behold A Pale Horse” by William Cooper, Light Technology Publishing, 1991.

Gersh, D. 1992, ‘Covering solid waste issues.’ Editor & Publisher 125(29 August): 15-6.

Lee, M.A., and N. Solomon 1990. Unreliable Sources: A guide to detecting bias in news media. New York: Carol Publishing Grou

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Unemployed of Rabat protesting for their rights

Moroccan police respond harshly to the protest of the unemployed graduates and doctors by the application of the laws that protect their rights as state employees.

The League of college graduates and doctors unemployed s of the universitis of Rabat are almost a year to manifest itself in front of the Moroccan Parliament and other ministries, claiming their rights to work in the civil service, since that is recognized by two ministerial decrees promulgated by the Government of former Prime Minister Youssoufi on April 30 of 1999 and published in the Official Journal May 24 of 1999.

This afternoon, over a thousand protesters, have beguin to protest at Mohammed V Avenue until you reach the gates of the Moroccan Parliament, where riot guards were waiting. In order to continue its journey to the different ministries, have been detained by Moroccan police in front of the Rabat Ville train station, where some agents have been charged with batons beat the protesters. At this time, the protest has been dissolved in racing through the streets of Rabat of protesters chased by police.

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Festival VISA pour l’image

Exhibition in the Couvent des Minimes during the Visa pour festival, which is held primarily for photojournalists each year in Perpignan during the first fifteen days of September. Perpignan, France.

22 Festival VISA pour l’image is celebrated these days in Perpignan. The most important European event for photojournalism, bringing together the best reporters and editors from major magazines and newspapers. During the professional week of this year’s Visa pour l’image, discussions have focused on the difficulty of the work of photojournalists, which speaks of a crisis of the profession, fighting amateur photographers camera digital social networks using the Internet. The festival has shown through more than ten exhibitions the work of 25 photojournalists committed to their profession, establishing good relationships among professional photographers with a long work history and new emerging reporters.

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The 150 limit for social networks

Robin DunbarThe number of Dunbar (Dunbar’s number) is a theoretical limit cognitive ability to determine the approximate number of people that individuals can maintain a stable social relationships. These relationships are those that a person can know who each person making up a network of social relations. Although the value determined at 150, is not entirely accurate, being commonly cited as a consistent approach.

This theory was proposed by British anthropologist Robin Dunbar, research professor of evolutionary anthropology at Oxford University. Dunbar, in 1992, observed a correlation was used to nonhuman primates in order to determine the size of social groups of humans, where predicted a group of 147.8, usually represented as 150. Still, Robin Dunbar was not considered accurate because it is related to the volume of brain Neocortex. Also suggests a difference in the rate of social group size according to species, established by the differential volume of neocortex.

From this experience, made a comparison with observable human groups. Looking into the anthropological and ethnographic literature, conducted a census on the size of social groups within nomadic societies where it determined that the groups were classified into three categories, 30 to 50, 100 to 200 and 500 to 2500 . His research on the social dimension of the tribes seem closer to the prediction, where the size was a Neolithic settlement is approximately 150 people. 150 also sets the point of excision of a settlement huterita. In the military context, establishes the basic size of a professional military unit in ancient Rome and on the contemporaneous times since the sixteenth century. As approximation, 200 members are the maximum allowed in an sub-specialization of academic discipline. Dunbar theorized about this vision that a group size of 150 people, he needed a very high incentive to maintain the union, speculating that at least 42% of the time the group was engaged in sociability, where the language is primarily developed to limit the amount of time. Moreover, argues that the language is an effective device for maintaining social relations, as animals generate more physical activity to keep them, against the social productivity, and that not only is the limit of stable relationships that a person be maintained, but may indicate the limit of people who can become an organic group without a stable pyramidal structure of authority. In the words of Dunbar:

“… there is a cognitive limit to the number of individuals with whom any one person can maintain stable relationships, that this limit is a direct function of relative neocortex size, and that this in turn limits group size”

Dunbar, R. I. M. (1993). Coevolution of neocortical size, group size and language in humans. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4): 681-735.

Wherefore now an application in the management of social policies, such as socialism, fascism and other centralized ideologies, they can operate properly on a small scale, but the when grown index of population, the social cohesion problems arise because of the difficulty maintain adequately controlled relationships between individuals.

The number of Dunbar’s theory is applicable to problems of overpopulation, due to the remoteness of the social group average of 150 hypothetical system in any delimited, for example a city, increasing the likelihood of emergence of conflict, which would nowadays, environmental pollution, disorder public, discrimination or criminal acts or criminal. The number of Dunbar has been studied by anthropologists as a hot topic, to applying theories in marketing and social networking, to study groups of people in virtual worlds and social spaces created electronically. A clear example is social networks like Facebook, Tuenti or other similar characteristics, which provides a significant increase in the number of Dunbar that breaks the direct relationship and the physical process of interaction.

Cameron Barlow, a sociologist who researches on relations within Facebook, confirms the theory of number Dunbar in their application to social networks, which states that Facebook users communicate regularly with only a small core of your friends list . Robin Dunbar himself was revised his theory by applying it on Facebook, in a study to be published later this year where he compared the traffic of thousands of people who are friends with others who have hundreds or less without find a substantial difference between them, thereby confirming his theory, with Barlow, that the brain can not expand their capacity to have meaningful relationships with more people, even within the virtual world. The results of Durban showed a clear diference by gender, where women were better than men to maintain virtual relationships. For them easier to maintain a relationship just talking with friends, while men show a greater need for physical interaction.

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Towards media anthropology

D'Oyly Carte's Opera Co. in Utopia, limited Gilbert & Sullivan's new opera-1894

D’Oyly Carte’s Opera Co. in Utopia, limited Gilbert & Sullivan’s new opera. 1894.

Defining a media anthropology presents a series of difficulties involved with the objects of study. If we as a context only the means of communication, perhaps we are in a generalized way of understanding the transmission of knowledge or information.

On the other hand, the media are built on a strong foundation supported by marketing and advertising, with the ability to create new trends and fashions, including new cultures (subcultures) that produce large changes in the forms of social behavior, with the ability to generate a transversal which is fed from different sources of knowledge. Similarly, the study of media is confronting different disciplines that are interwoven in a complex way between communication sciences, computer engineering and telematics, social sciences, fine arts, business studies political science.

Well it is a process of interdisciplinary study with a strong dose of creativity, where it is necessary to place each of the actors in their specific role, thus opening an overview of the different ideas able to build the concept of average. Some good ingredients for a delicious roast.

A fragment of an article I read years ago when I began to study anthropology.

“Suppose that we were not studying in broadcasting transmissions and society in America in the mid-twentieth century, but the opera and society in Italy in mid-nineteenth century. After all, the opera was in Italy during that period, a mass communication medium. What would we be studying?”

Uses of Mass Communication by the Individual, in W.Ph. Davison/F.T.C. Yu, Mass Communication Research, Praeger Publisher, New York, 1974.

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RASD Television

Since 2005, the Saharawi people in Tindouf has a TV channel that broadcasts on the Internet into a platform for IPTV. The Television of the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic (RASD-TV), already has a website setting out its first report and welcome videos of several Saharawi authorities. Its main focus is on the broadcast for camps and the occupied territories and it also arises satellite to cover Europe and North Africa.

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Suspended in media and digital literacy

Although recent years the evolution of technology and media in Spain, had reached a heavy force, Spain is in the 14e site below the European average within the process digital literacy.

The study titled Asessment Criteria for Media Literacy Levels, was designed by Communication and Education at the UAB and directed by Professor José Pérez Tornero. This examines 27 countries where the level of media literacy, the ability of citizens to measure the use of technologies and media, indicating that these low levels of media literacy, establishes a major difficulty for economic development and cultural whole of Spanish society.

These studies appear in several proposals in order to encourage media literacy, echoing efforts in promoting and implementing in the field of education policy, seeking new forms of curriculum innovation, improve public services and provide audiovisual families access to the information society. For their part, the european states should devote more attention to develop the critical sense of their citizens to deepen and enhance active citizenship and participative democracy.

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Breakout at Fabra i Coats Factory


This coming Wednesday, 13 January, the project Breakout: Escape from the office will continue its third edition in the former Fabra & Coats factory, located in the district of Sant Andreu in Barcelona. This edition wants to concentrate on creative professionals from various sectors, especially from the fields of culture, artistic production, architecture and design.

The framework could not be more appropriate. The old Fabra & Coats factory is in the process of remodeling, with the aim of becoming a facility within the neighborhood context of factories created spaces to accommodate the creative and artistic city of Barcelona. The Project Breakout was born last year in New York, as a movement to rethink the use of public space and new models of work and collaboration. The Citilab-Cornella joined the initiative, held its first edition in Cornella and the second last November at L’Illa Diagonal, where he finished as a way of consolidating new uses of public spaces.

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